Herring Gull- Zilvermeeuw (argentatus & argenteus)
Herring Gull plumages:
hg sub-ad January
(3 images) Herring Gull C6C98 3cy (argentatus), July 15 2003, Tampere, Finland (61.31N, 23.43E).
3cy argentatus, ringed white C6C98 as pullus on July 07 2001 in Vkoski, Finland (61.16N 24.14E). There are a dozen of observations from Tampere dump. The complete moult is well underway with most wing-coverts and the inner primaries recently moulted. Primary P7 has been dropped and P8-P10 are still second generation. P1-P5 are fully grown third generation flight-feathers, with a complete band on P5.
From June to October, a complete moult
will bring 3cy argentatus in so-called "third winter"
plumage. By August, the first neat streaks can be found on the crown and
neck. After the complete moult is finished in autumn, the head will show
extensive 'winter streaking', often neat fine streaking in argentatus
and mottled brown contrasting with the white breast as in an executioner's
hood in many argenteus. The scapulars and mantle are pale
adult-like grey, although some individuals may show an immature pale brown
hue or arrow-head patterns on the lower scapulars.
During the summer, the primaries are moulted to third generation. In argenteus, the first inner primaries are dropped by late May and the outer primary P10 will be dropped by late August. The primary moult is completed by late-October, in argenteus, when the new outer primary P10 is fully grown. Preliminary data from Tampere, Finland, indicate 3cy argentatus from this region are not delayed in primary moult compared to argenteus from continental NW Europe. The third generation primaries are clearly adult-like, with inner primaries P1-P3 plain grey with a white tip. The outer-wing shows a clear black triangle, extending on the greater primary coverts. From P4 outwards, the primaries show black sub-terminal markings. The white primary tips are obvious in the inner primaries, but are only poor developed on third generation P9 and P10. The third generation P10 normally shows a small white mirror (lacking in some birds). The new tail-feathers will be predominantly white, with clear immature black markings. The iris turns pale yellow in summer in most argenteus (July-August), but quite some argentatus will keep the iris amber to dark brown.
In the tables below, the primary moult scores of 3cy July argentatus in Finland can be read: